Fuel Poverty


Fuel poverty is defined by the government as a household whose fuel requirements are above the national average, and if they were to try to reach those requirements, their leftover income would sit them below the official poverty line.

Fuel poverty is when a household spends more than 10% of its income on fuel i.e. gas and electric.

Fuel Poverty Gap

-£9,331 gap between income and essential living expenditure for a lone-parent family in fuel poverty.


  • 1

    More than 4 million UK households struggling to afford to meet their basic needs for comfort and warmth at home.

  • 3

    Fuel poverty affects 3.5 million UK households – roughly 12.9% of all households.

  • 4

    Almost 4 million children in England live in fuel poverty.

Adverse Effects of Fuel Poverty


    Living in a cold home leads to an increased risk of children suffering a range of health problems, from asthma and bronchitis to poor mental health. Cold homes adversely affect their educational attainment and general wellbeing.

  • NHS

    The impacts of cold homes and poor housing cost the NHS in England £1.4 billion per year.

  • Cost

    The estimated cost to the NHS of treating conditions and illness in people of all ages caused or made worse by cold homes is around £1.36 billion per year.

  • Health

    The Journal of Public health reported that fuel poverty caused diminished cardiovascular health, frequent respiratory infections and symptoms, increased anxiety and depression, and worse self-rated health.

  • Excess Winter Deaths

    Around 16,900 UK deaths in winter of 2017-18 due to cold housing conditions.